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Piatkowski/Morik/2011a: Parallel Inference on Structured Data with CRFs on GPUs

Bibtype Inproceedings
Bibkey Piatkowski/Morik/2011a
Author Piatkowski, Nico and Morik, Katharina
Ls8autor Morik, Katharina
Piatkowski, Nico
Title Parallel Inference on Structured Data with CRFs on GPUs
Booktitle International Workshop at ECML PKDD on Collective Learning and Inference on Structured Data (COLISD)
Address Athens, Greece
Abstract Structured real world data can be represented with graphs whose structure encodes independence assumptions within the data. Due to statistical advantages over generative graphical models, Conditional Random Fields (CRFs) are used in a wide range of classification tasks on structured data sets. CRFs can be learned from both, fully or partially supervised data, and may be used to infer fully unlabeled or partially labelled data. However, performing inference in CRFs with an arbitrary graphical structure on a large amount of data is computational expensive and nearly intractable on a reseacher?s workstation. Hence, we take advantage of recent developments in computer hardware, namely general-purpose Graphics Processing Units (GPUs). We not merely run given algorithms on GPUs, but present a novel framework of parallel algorithms at several levels for training general CRFs on very large data sets. We evaluate their performance in terms of runtime and F1 -Score.
Year 2011
Projekt SFB876-A1
Publicfile